Volume 31, Number 1, January 2009
1. An Ounce of Prevention: An Associate Editor’s View
Mercedes K. Schneider
It is my pleasure and honor to serve as the new associate editor of
research for the Journal of Mental Health Counseling (JMHC) and to
continue working with such distinguished colleagues as Drs. James
Rogers, Loreto Prieto, and Victoria Kress. I have had the privilege of serving
these past two years as a reviewer for JMHC, paying particular attention
to the soundness of the statistical and methodological sections of
manuscripts submitted. On average I have reviewed one manuscript
every eight weeks. As I read these manuscripts, I was pleased to note the
quality of preparation and the soundness of the studies conducted.
Because no field can advance beyond the quality of its research, this
encourages me as both researcher and counselor.
2. Comprehensive Program Development in Mental Health Counseling: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation
Nancy G. Calley
With increasing emphasis on the use of evidence-based practices and efficient clinical operations, mental
health counselors must be competent in comprehensive clinical program development that covers
program design, implementation, and sustainability. To address this need, a practice model here presented
integrates scientific knowledge and business principles by emphasizing research-based program
design and due diligence in program development. The model consists of 12 sequential, interrelated
phases to guide the professional in creating comprehensive mental health counseling programs.
3. Transgenerational Trauma and Child Sexual Abuse: Reconceptualizing Cases Involving Young Survivors of CSA
Kimberly N. Frazier; Cirecie A. West-Olatunji; Shirley St. Juste; Rachael D. Goodman
While current research on child sexual abuse (CSA) has delineated the immediate and long-term effects
of sexual trauma, little has been written about intergenerational influences on the presence and etiology
of CSA among young children. Dass-Brailsford (2007) defined transgenerational trauma as trauma that
has been passed down from one generation to another, either directly or indirectly. In this paper the
authors review the literature on CSA, the influence of primary caregivers, and transgenerational trauma,
followed by a case illustration. Specific interventions are pointed out to offer mental health counselors
innovative tools for ameliorating the effects of transgenerational trauma with this client population. The
authors also highlight effective clinical programs on CSA among young children that acknowledge the
influence of intergenerational trauma.
4. The Role of Help and Hope in Prevention and Early Intervention with Suicidal Adolescents: Implications for Mental Health Counselors*
Todd Eric Roswarski; J. Patrick Dunn
The role of help and hope as protective factors in prevention and early intervention with suicidal adolescents
is examined. Hope is a forward-looking attitude serving as a buffer against suicide. Help
reflects the belief and reality that there is a place to turn for support or assistance; it serves as a dynamic
force against suicide. Help and hope can be powerful and mutually reinforcing components of any
attempt to reach adolescents contemplating suicide. Implications for mental health counselors are presented,
with an emphasis on the interrelatedness of help and hope.
5. Differences in Mental Health Counselors’ Diagnoses Based on Client Race: An Investigation of adjustment, Childhood, and Substance-Related Disorders (Pages 47-59)
Kevin P. Feisthamel; Robert C. Schwartz
This study of mental health counselors’ diagnoses of African-American and Euro-American clients
(N=899) found that African-Americans were diagnosed disproportionately more often with disruptive
behavior disorders whereas Euro-Americans were diagnosed more often with less severe adjustment disorders.
These findings mirror those of researchers from other mental health professions considering different
mental disorders. Implications for mental health counseling practice and future research are discussed,
and pathways to account for the phenomenon are proposed.
6. Understanding Suicidal Behavior in the Military: An Evaluation of Joiner’s Interpersonal-Psychological
Theory of Suicidal Behavior in Two Case Studies of Active Duty Post-Deployers (Pages 60-75)
Michael D. Anestis; Craig J. Bryan; Michelle M. Cornette; Thomas E. Joiner
The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not
necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of
Defense, the Department of the Air Force, or the U.S. Government.
Suicide in the military is a growing concern. We reviewed empirical studies and used two case studies
to illustrate the potential explanatory role of Joiner’s (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal
behavior. The theory posits that three variables—perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness,
and acquired capability for suicide—determine the risk of an individual engaging in a lethal suicide
attempt. In our case studies, we illustrate how these variables might be affected in an active duty
population post-deployment. Although methodological limitations preclude conclusive determinations,
the case studies provide a framework within which to understand the phenomenon of suicide in the military.
Future work that examines these findings empirically will be invaluable to both researchers and
mental health counselors.
7. "It Was like a Partnership of the Two of Us Against the Cutting": Investigating the Counseling Experiences of Young Adult Women Who Self-Injure
Laurie M. Craigen; Victoria Foster
Self-injury is an increasing phenomenon among young adult women. This qualitative study explored the
counseling experiences of 10 young adult women with a history of self-injurious behavior. It examined
the nature of the client-counselor relationship and how self-injury was treated. It also accessed the participants’
thoughts and feelings about their experiences in counseling. Implications for training and
treatment are set out, as are recommendations for research.