|Journal of Mental Health Counseling|
Volume 37, Number 3, July 2015
1. The Voice of William Glasser: Accessing the Continuing Evolution of Reality Therapy (Pages 189-205)
Robert E. Wubbolding
On August 23, 2013, the voice of William Glasser, MD, became silent. His life was characterized by his mission of teaching the ever-evolving ideas originating in his work in corrections and mental health. He taught what he called “internal controls”: Although human beings are influenced by their environment and their previous relationships, they need not remain powerless and victimized by forces beyond their control or by their past history. Rather, they choose most of their current behaviors, especially their actions. Reality therapy is a system that counselors use to liberate clients and help them make realistic choices to more effectively satisfy their needs within their limitations. The evolution of reality therapy has covered not only its theoretical basis, choice theory, but more recently its links with mindfulness, neuroscience, and especially its formulation as the WDEP (Wants, Doing, Evaluation, Planning) system. A growing body of evidence illustrates the widespread use and multicultural effectiveness of Dr. Glasser’s legacy—reality therapy.
2. The New ABCs: A Practitioner's Guide to Neuroscience-Informed Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (Pages 206-220)
Thomas A. Field, Eric T. Beeson and Laura K. Jones
Cognitive-behavioral therapy models are evolving to take into account the impact of physiological responses on client distress and the secondary role of conscious cognitions and beliefs in perpetuating distress and dysfunction. This article presents an accessible and practical description of a neuroscience-informed cognitive-behavior therapy model, in the hope that readers will learn how to apply this model in practice.
3. Child Discipline and African American Parents with Adolescent Children: A Psychoeducational Approach to Clinical Mental Health Counseling (Pages 221-233)
Parents from all backgrounds often grapple with child-rearing issues when their children reach adolescent age. For African American families, the task of addressing problematic adolescent behaviors is complicated by their interaction with external systems (e.g., agencies, schools, legal systems) whose workers often struggle to meet the mental health and social service needs of an increasingly diverse society. Clinical mental health counselors are ethically bound to be knowledgeable about the cultural diversity of individuals and families and about changes in cultural expectations and values. The primary focus of this article is to lay the foundation for a psychoeducational approach to addressing child discipline with African American parents who have adolescent children living at home. A five-week psychoeducational model is presented to inform African American parents of current research and discussions on African American child disciplinary methods.
4. Comparison of Coping, Stress, and Life Satisfaction Between Taiwanese and U.S. College Students (Pages 234-249)
Philip B. Gnilka, Jeffrey S. Ashby, Kenneth B. Matheny, Y. Barry Chung and Yuhsuan Chang
Measures of coping resources, perceived stress, and life satisfaction were used to compare 120 Taiwanese men, 387 Taiwanese women, 114 U.S. women, and 264 U.S. men currently in college. While no differences were found in overall coping resources and perceived stress, U.S. students reported greater life satisfaction than Taiwanese students. Models for predicting life satisfaction from perceived stress and coping resources were significant for both genders within each country. Implications for counselors are discussed.
5. Young Women's Experiences of Coping with Violence in Intimate Relationships (Pages 250-267)
Marina Ursa and Corinne Koehn
This study examined the lived experiences of coping with physically violent living-as-married or marital relationships for women aged 19–24. Information was collected from five women through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the transcendental phenomenological approach (Moustakas, 1994). Three major themes emerged from their experiences. The first, within-person coping, involved self-soothing, enjoying positive experiences, cognitively rationalizing and minimizing violence, and personal beliefs, including spiritual beliefs. The second, managing violence within the relationship, included purposeful communication, managing violence, and escape. The third related to experiences with informal and formal support. Spirituality and the role of others are also explored in some detail. Implications for clinical mental health practice and directions for future research are discussed.
6. Eight Domains of Pet-Owner Wellness: Valuing the Owner-Pet Relationship in the Counseling Process (268-282)
Cynthia K. Chandler, Delini M. Fernando, Casey A. Barrio Minton and Torey L. Portrie-Bethke
The purpose of the study was to explore the impact of pet ownership in order to identify domains of pet-owner wellness and to inform counselors of the value of exploring the owner-pet relationship with clients. A qualitative study was conducted using open-ended, semi-structured interviews. A consensual qualitative research approach was taken to analyze the data. Findings were organized into eight domains of pet-owner wellness impact: emotional and physical nurturance, sense of family, sense of responsibility and purpose, friendship or companionship, social interaction and connections, personal values and spiritual meaning, fun and play, and physical health. Although participants tended to discuss most pet-ownership impacts positively, some also cited negative impacts. Given the number of wellness areas that pet ownership can impact, counselors are encouraged to explore owner-pet relationships in the counseling process.