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Journal of Mental Health Counseling
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Volume 28, Number 1, January 2006

 

1. Etiology and Treatment of Cluster C Personality Disorders (Pages 1-17)

Glen A. Eskedal; Jamie M. Demetri

Of challenge to mental health counselor’s (MHCs) is the management and treatment of personality disorders. This article will elaborate on the etiological development of Cluster C personality disorders (avoidant, dependant, and obsessive-compulsive), review the self-maintenance functions they provide, and review the cognitive-behavioral, group, and psychodynamic treatments for each of the three Cluster C personality disorders. The central aim of this manuscript is to assist MHCs in better understanding biological and environmental antecedents, treatment interventions, and to ensure that personality dynamics are not overlooked in the treatment process.
Full Article

2. Dream Interpretation: A Developmental Counseling and Therapy Approach (Pages 18-37)

John F. Marszalek III; Jane E. Myers

In counseling sessions, clients often present dreams as material to use in making meaning of their experiences. Mental health counselors may benefit from using Ivey’s Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT) approach to help clients process dreams, thereby promoting insight and change. A case example demonstrates the use of DCT in dream analysis.
Full Article

3. The Empowerment Program: An Application of an Outreach Program for Refugee and Immigrant Women (Pages 38-47)

Supavan Khamphakdy-Brown; Leslie N. Jones; Johanna E. Nilsson; Emily B. Russell; Carissa L. Klevens

Refugee and immigrant women may face a variety of pre- and post-migration stressors that make them susceptible to mental health disorders and adjustment problems. Recommendations on how to effectively provide mental health services to this population, based on a mental health program developed to meet the specific needs of refugee and immigrant women in a Midwestern city, are provided. This specific program offers a holistic approach, including counseling, home visits, psycho-educational workshops, and support and advocacy from other refugee and immigrant women. A case study is included to illustrate how this program functions.
Full Article

4. Object Lessons: A Theoretical and Empirical Study of Objectified Body Consciousness in Women (Pages 48-68)

Stacey L. Sinclair

Theorists have increasingly emphasized the importance of the sociocultural context in the development of women’s body experience. As a result, mental health professionals working with individuals suffering from negative body experiences should be apprised of culturally relevant theories. One such theory, objectified body consciousness theory, proposes that cultural constructions of the female body as an object and expectations of physical and sexual appeal lead to a myriad of negative mental health outcomes for women. This study investigated the relationship among objectification experiences, sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, and objectified body consciousness. Findings provide strong support for a feminist and sociocultural understanding of the development of objectified body consciousness. Implications for mental health counselors and for research are presented.
Full Article

5. An Exploratory Study of Client Perceptions of Internet Counseling and the Therapeutic Alliance (Pages 69-83)

Todd Leibert; James Archer Jr.; Joe Munson; Grady York

Online counseling is a growing area of clinical work with relatively little empirical evidence about the kind of clients that use the medium, advantages and disadvantages of online counseling, and satisfaction with relationships and treatment service. Sociodemographics were collected on 81 selfselected clients using online counseling, and self-reported therapeutic alliance and satisfaction with online counseling were assessed for comparison to past studies of clients using traditional face-to-face counseling. Online clients were predominantly female, were already regular Internet users, and enjoyed the convenience and anonymity of the service. They were satisfied with their relationships and treatment online but not as satisfied as clients who have undergone traditional face-to-face counseling. The main disadvantage, the loss of nonverbal information, was offset by the advantage of anonymity when sharing shameful personal information. Research limitations and clinical implications of the study are discussed.
Full Article

6. Beliefs of Board Certified Substance Abuse Counselors Regarding Multiple Relationships (Pages 84-94)

Jennifer Kenney Hollander; Scott Bauer; Barbara Herlihy; Vivian McCollum

The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of beliefs of substance abuse counselors regarding multiple relationships. The association between beliefs and educational level, recovery status, experience, and supervision were explored. Results showed that non-recovering individuals and individuals receiving supervision found more multiple relationship behaviors to be ethically problematic. Highest degree obtained, experience prior to licensure, and supervision prior to licensure did not contribute to beliefs regarding multiple relationship behaviors.
Full Article

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