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Journal of Mental Health Counseling
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Volume 34, Number 4, October 2012

1. Pet Loss and Disenfranchised Grief: Implications for Mental Health Counseling Practice (Pages 283-294)

Millie Cordaro

Counselors who acknowledge and validate the implications of pet loss will help to re-enfranchise an undervalued grief. In the article, pet loss is conceptualized using both a traditional model of grief, Kubler-Ross's stages of grief, and two contemporary models of loss adaptation, the dual process model and adaptive grieving. General grief reactions to pet loss are discussed, along with the negative impact of disenfranchised grief for pet bereavement. Finally, I address the use of grief counseling, self-help, and community resources for bereaved pet owners.
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2. A Model of Professional Identity Expression for Mental Health Counselors (Pages 295-307)

David Burkholder

Because professional identity is one of the most controversial and confusing issues within counseling, it is often studied and discussed. Yet there are no studies examining how professional identity is actually expressed. Because the topic is theoretical and sometimes abstract, counseling students in particular may struggle to understand how to express professional identity. This article fuses ideas expressed by Boyer (1990) in Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate and the concept of practical intentionality into a theory-grounded model to help counselors to conceptualize, contextualize, and express their professional identity through application, discovery, teaching, and integration.
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3. Developmental Counseling and Therapy: A Promising Intervention for Preventing Relapse with Substance-Abuse Clients (308-321)

Philip B. Clarke and Jane E. Myers

Developmental Gounseling and Therapy (DGT) increases awareness by helping clients understand their cognitive style preferences and gain insight into factors underlying their substance abuse. This article presents the four DGT cognitive emotional styles, their relationship to relapse, and a format for conducting a DGT assessment-intervention interview and counseling intervention plan mth a relapsing substance-abuse client, which is also demonstrated in a case vignette.
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4. Differences between "Normal" and "Neurotic" Perfectionists: Implications for Mental Health Counselors (Pages 322-340)

Jeffrey S. Ashby, Robert B. Slaney, Christina M. Noble, Philip B. Gnilka and Kenneth G. Rice

This study was designed to explore the experiences of two groups of participants who had high scores on the positive dimensions of perfectionism (high standards) but who differed on a measure of worry. From a larger pool, 36 university students were selected based on their scores on the Standards and Order subscale of the Almost Perfect Scale and on the Penn State Worry Scale. Participants responded to open-ended questions eliciting their definitions of perfectionism and their views on its effects on various domains of their lives. Consistent with early theoretical work (e.g., Hamachek, 1978), the results ofthe study suggest that identified perfectionists may view their perfectionism as positive or negative. The results also suggest that the constructs of standards and order represent the positive dimension and the construct of worry a negative dimension. Discussed are the results and their implications for mental health counseling and further research.
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5. How Gratitude Relates to Burnout and Job Satisfaction in Mental Health Professionals (Pages 341-354)

Michelle E. Lanham, Mark S. Rye, Liza S. Rimsky and Sydney R. Weill

This study investigated how gratitude relates to burnout and job satisfaction in mental health professionals. Sixty-five mental health professionals (counselors, case managers, clinical administrators/supervisors, employment/housing specialists, social workers, psychologists) completed questionnaires assessing demographics, job context variables, hope, gratitude, burnout, and job satisfaction. Consistent with hypotheses, workplace-specific gratitude predicted emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and job satisfaction after controlling for demographic/job contextual variables, hope, and dispositional gratitude. In addition, dispositional gratitude predicted personal accomplishment after controlling for demographic/job contextual variables but not after controlling for hope. Implications for counselors and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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6. The Impact of Work Setting, Demographic Characteristics, and Personality Factors Related to Burnout Among Professional Counselors (Pages 355-372)

Jonathan Lent and Robert C. Schwartz

This study investigated the relationship between bumout and clinical work setting, demographic characteristics, and personality factors among a national sample of professional counselors (N = 340) and found significant differences in degree of bumout between work settings. Community mental health outpatient counselors reported significantly greater bumout than either private practice or inpatient counselors. A complex interaction of sex, race, and years of professional experience also differentiated the degree of bumout With regard to personality factors, counselors with less neuroticism and higher extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness experienced greater personal accomplishment and less depersonalization and emotional exhaustion.
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