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Journal of Mental Health Counseling
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Volume 35, Number 2, April 2013

1. The Introduction of a Task Model for  Crisis Intervention (Pages 95-107)

Rick A. Myer, J. Scott Lewis and Richard K. James

This article reviews published models for crisis intervention to identify common tasks. Two categories of tasks were identified, continuous and focused. Continuous tasks (assessment, safety, and support) are those that are addressed throughout the entire intervention process. Mental health counselors (MHCs) must attend to these at all times when assisting clients in crisis. Focused tasks (contact, re-establishing control, defining the problem, and follow-up) are time encapsulated: once a task is accomplished, MHCs can move on to another. However, given the chaotic nature of crises, MHCs may have to return to these at points during the intervention. Full article


2. Managing Hurt and Disappointment: Improving Communication of Reproach and Apology (Pages 108-123)

Andrea J. Miller, Everett L. Worthington, Jr., Joshua N. Hook, Don E. Davis, Aubrey L. Gartner and Nicole A. Frohne

The resolution of transgressions in close relationships often depends on how victims reproach offenders and how offenders explain. A research-based framework for teaching clients how to communicate when they are upset (reproach) and how to respond when someone is upset with them (apology) was evaluated using a between-groups (control, treatment) randomized psychoeducational intervention. We tested whether a 2.5-hour workshop that taught skills for communicating reproach and apology changed participants' videotaped ratings of role-played reproaches and apologies. Participants were 111 undergraduate students. Video-recorded behavioral data were collected pre-test, post-test, and at 2-4-week follow-up. Workshop participants exhibited higher levels of constructive emotional reactions than control participants, though the differences were not maintained at follow-up. This brief workshop provides a basis for interventions to improve communication while managing transgressions in many settings (e.g., an adjunct to counseling, supplementing marital workshops, and enhancing general relationship skills in college students, dating couples, or families). Full article


3. Integrating Leadership Skills into Anger Management Groups to Reduce Aggressive Behaviors: The LIT Model (124-141)

Isaac Burt, Samir H. Patel, S.K. Butler and Tiphanie Gonzalez

Mental health counselors encounter numerous complex situations when working with children and adolescents in anger management groups. This study promotes the use of Social Cognitive Theory to reduce cognitive distortions and aggressive behavior in youth. Specifically, it highlights Leadership Implementation Training (LIT), a youth-oriented model that integrates leadership skills into school-based anger management groups with the intent of reducing aggression in angry youth, initial data suggest that doing so is an effective tool for mental health counselors who facilitate groups in schools. Full article


4. The Effect of Training in Motivational Interviewing on Client Adherence: A Controlled Study (142-153)

Tabitha L. Young, Amanda Winburn and W. Bryce Hagedorn

This study investigated the effect of motivational interviewing (MI) on client adherence. Eighty-one clients of a university-based community-counseling center were assigned to either a treatment or a control condition. Counselors of clients in the treatment group had been trained in MI; counselors of those in the control group had not Statistical analyses revealed that clients in the treatment group attended more counseling sessions and were less likely to prematurely terminate therapy than those in the control group. Implications for using MI and suggestions for additional research are explored. Full article


5. Stress, Spiritual Coping, and Bulimia: Feeling Punished by God/Higher Power (154-171)

Juleen K. Buser

This study investigated the relationship between stress, spiritual coping, and bulimic symptoms in college students (N = 605). Participants who felt punished by God/Higher Power during difficult times reported more symptoms. This spiritual coping strategy abo partly mediated the link between stress and bulimic symptoms; the link was partly explained by a coping style that involved beliefs about punishment by God/Higher Power. These findings have implications for mental health counseling in terms of addressing spiritual coping strategies with clients who identify as having faith beliefs and who struggle with bulimic symptoms. Full article


6. Counseling Students' Personal Values and Attitudes toward Euthanasia (Pages 172-188)

Frank Bevacqua and Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius

This analogue study examined client autonomy in euthanasia situations and its relationship to the clinical experience, religious values, and attitudes toward euthanasia of 83 mental health counseling students. Participants were much more supportive of client autonomy for a 77-year old client than for a 25-year-old client seeking active euthanasia. î^o differences were found for passive euthanasia. Counseling student religiosity and clinical experience were significant predictors of support for client autonomy, with more religiosity and less clinical experience related to less support for the client's right to make this decision about ending life. These findings are discussed in light of professional ethics and the role of counselor values in working with clients. Full article

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