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Journal of Mental Health Counseling
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Volume 38, Number 1, January 2016

1. INVITED ARTICLE: Counseling the Fastest Growing Population in America: Those with Multiple Heritage Backgrounds

Richard C. Henriksen Jr. and Michael J. Maxwell

The invited article section of the Journal of Mental Health Counseling is intended to provide a platform for recognized leaders in mental health counseling and related fields to share ideas with the profession. We are honored in this issue to present an article by Dr. Richard Henriksen and Dr. Michael Maxwell whose publications and presentations denote them as outstanding scholars whose work enlightens counselors working with multi-heritage clients.

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2. Participants' Experiences of Non-suicidal Self-Injury: Supporting Existing Theory and Emerging Conceptual Pathways

Kelly L. Wester and W. Bradley McKibben

Due to the increase in prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury, various models of self-injury have been proposed. Researchers have found empirical support for components of these models but have not explored the models in their entirety, nor supported them through the voices of participants. Eighty-eight participants' experiences of non-suicidal self-injury were explored in the current study, providing support for the existing models of self-injury by Nock and Chapman and colleagues, as well as support for Joiner's (2005) suggestion that self-injury can desensitize individuals to suicide. However, through content analysis and correlations, new categories emerged from participants' stories that have not been included in previous models, as well as suggested pathways within the existing models. Implications for counselors are proposed.

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3. Brief Severity Index for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Initial Validation of a Self-Report Measure

Trevor J. Buser, Christina Hamme Peterson and Tara M. Hill

The aim of this study was to develop and provide validation evidence for a self-report measure of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), the Brief Severity Index for NSSI (BSI-NSSI). We developed items to tap the new diagnostic classification for NSSI in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed., DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association.[APA], 2013). We also designed the measure to distinguish among gradations of NSSI severity. Data were collected from a sample of 843 young adults, 72 of whom had performed NSSI in the past year. Using Rasch analysis, we reached initial support for the validity and reliability of the BSI-NSSI. Implications for counseling and research are discussed.

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4. Experiences Learning Interpersonal Neurobiology: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Raissa M. Miller and Casey A. Barrio Minton

The current dominant focus on treating single past traumas rarely addresses current, ongoing, or continuous interpersonal, intergroup, and systemic traumas or their cumulative and proliferation dynamics. The goal of this paper is to close this gap by introducing an alternative model that addresses these trauma types. The model incorporates eight precognitive, cognitive, behavioral, and social interventions. The behavioral interventions are (1) prioritizing safety and (2) addressing threats through behavior skills training inclusive of regulating personal and groupbased emotions. The precognitive components are (3) stimulating the will to live and positive dispositional qualities and (4) identity work. The cognitive components are (5) psychoeducation, (6) stress inoculation, and (7) trauma narration. The social intervention is (8) advocacy, social justice and reconnecting to social networks. We discuss the evidence for each component and provide a case example to illustrate the model’s utility. We also discuss future directions for research and model development.

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5. The Role of Empathy and Adult Attachment in Predicting Stigma toward Severe and Persistent Mental Illness and other Psychosocial or Health Conditions

Marcia Webb, Jessica Peterson, Stephanie C. Willis, Heather Rodney, Erin Siebert, Jessica A. Carlile and Laurel Stinar

This phenomenological study explored the lived experience of male survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) who identified as resilient in their current relationships with female partners. The study was grounded in Relational-Cultural Theory (Jordan, 2004; Miller, 1976) in order to examine the relational movements within participants’ relationships with their female partners. The findings identified seven relational movements that corresponded with growth in resilience. Resilient male survivors moved from past abuse to therapeutic processing and from isolation to finding a purpose. Personal and relational challenges to resilience were self-hatred, insecurity, restricted emotionality, masculine identity crisis, and negative coping strategies. Resilient male survivors developed mutual empathy, greater trust, and deeper connections; reprocessed their masculine identity; and developed a positive vision for the future. Implications for future research and practice and study limitations are discussed.

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6. Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health: Stress and Symptom Reporting Pathways

Susan K. Johnson and Anita Blanchard

This study examines the pathways through which mood perception affects perceived stress and symptom reporting among undergraduate students. It examines depression, anxiety, positive affect, and negative affect as mediators between a) emotional intelligence (EI) and b) perceived stress and symptom reporting. Results indicated that on the EI measure used in this study, the Trait Meta-mood Scale (TMMS) subscales, Attention was not related to perceived stress or symptom reporting. Mood Repair and Clarity were significantly and inversely related to perceived stress and symptom reporting. Anxiety and depression were the primary mediators in these relationships.

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