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Home Study: Attachment, Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being Among Survivors of Childhood Sexual Trauma 

03-02-2017 13:05

Attachment, Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being Among Survivors of Childhood Sexual Trauma
by Emily L. Barnum; Kristin M. Perrone-McGovern
Volume 39, Issue 01 - January 2017

The current study is a quantitative exploration of the relationships between attachment security, childhood sexual trauma, sexual self-esteem, and subjective well-being. It was predicted that higher levels of secure attachment, lower presence of childhood sexual trauma and higher levels of sexual self-esteem would contribute to higher levels of subjective well-being. Participants were 213 undergraduate students at a Midwestern university. Theories of attachment (Bowlby, 1973) and well-being (Lent, 2004) provided a framework to guide the hypotheses of the present study. We hypothesized that higher attachment security would be related to higher sexual self-esteem and higher subjective well-being, and that participants who scored higher on a scale measuring childhood sexual trauma would have lower sexual self-esteem and lower subjective well-being. It was found that high levels of attachment security and sexual self-esteem predicted high levels of subjective well-being, whereas presence of childhood sexual trauma predicted lower levels of sexual self-esteem. Results from hierarchical regression analyses fully supported the hypotheses of the present study. Future research should analyze possible coping mechanisms that may contribute to subjective well-being restoration as well as coping efficacy.

Article is free for AMHCA members:

For AMHCA members to access the journal they must first go to and log in to the website with their username and password. Once they have logged in, they will click on “Journal of Mental Health Counseling” under the “Publications” tab. From there they will click on the “ Member Access” icon.

Non-AMHCA members will need to purchase the article:

Articles are available to non-members for $25.

AMHCA will provide 1.0 CE for reading and completing the accompanying quiz with a passing grade (80% or higher). American Mental Health Counselors Association (AMHCA) has been approved to provide continuing education by the National Board for Certified Counselors and the Ohio Counselor, Social Worker and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. All sales are final - home study registrations are non-refundable.

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